porcelain, hardware trimmings, white granite, dipped, blue edge and c.c. wares (Lant 1872); earthenware, also porcelain hardware trimmings (Boyd and Boyd 1874); hardware and household crockery, ironstone china, c.c. ware, Queensware and hardware trimmings (Everts & Stewart 1875)
“In March, 1860, Millington and Astbury sold their interest in the pottery to the Youngs and the company was renamed William Young & Sons. It continued to operate under this name following the retirement of William Young in 1870 until his death in July, 1871. The dominating influence of the senior Young can be seen in the fact that, thereafter, the firm’s name was simply altered to that of ‘William Young’s Sons’. It retained this name until the Young family sold the pottery to the Willets Brothers in February, 1879 (Goldberg 1998:15).
Detailed history provided in Hunter Research, Inc. 2005:4-8.
R.G. Dun & Company Collection, Mercer County. 1862-1875. 1 :287 and 2:362.
“The Manufactories of Trenton. Article II. The Pottery Trade.” Trenton State Gazette, Monday, August 27, 1866.
J.H. Lant & Co. 1868-1869. “The Trenton City Directory, for 1868 1869, Containing the Names of the Inhabitants, Together with a Business and Street Directory of the City, Business Directory of Mercer Co., and an Appendix of Valuable Information.” Vannote & Yard, Trenton, New Jersey.
Federal Census of New Jersey. 1870. Industrial Schedules. On file, New Jersey State Archives, Trenton, New Jersey.
Metcalf, E.S. 1870. “The Trenton City Directory, 1870, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, and a Record of the City Government.
Slade, Charles H. 1871. “Trenton Directory, 1871, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, and a Record of the City Government, Its Institutions, Societies, Corporations, Etc.” Directory. Webb Brothers & Co.
J.H. Lant & Co. 1872. “The Trenton Directory, 1872, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, Together with a Town Business Directory of Mercer County, and Much Useful Miscellaneous Information.” J.H. Lant & Co., Trenton, New Jersey.
Boyd, Andrew and William H. Boyd. 1874-1876. “Boyd’s Trenton City Directory: Containing the Names of Its Citizens, a Compendium of Its Government and of Public and Private Institutions, and a Business Directory of the Principal Towns in Mercer County, a List of Farmers.” Andrew Boyd and W. Harry Boyd, Syracuse, New York and Pottsville, Pennsylvania.
Mains, Bishop W. and Thomas F. Fitzgerald. 1877-1878. “Mains and Fitzgerald’s Trenton, Chambersburg and Millham Directory: Containing the Names of the Citizens, Statistical Business Report, Historical Sketches, a List of the Public and Private Institutions, Together with National, State, County, and City Government.” Bishop W. Mains & Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Trenton, New Jersey.
Young, Jennie J. 1879. “The Ceramic Art: A Compendium of the History and Manufacture of Pottery and Porcelain.” Harper & Bros., New York, New York.
Woodward, E.M. and John F. Hageman. 1883. “History of Burlington and Mercer Counties.” Everts and Peck, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
J.M. Elstner & Co. 1889. “New Jersey’s Leading Cities Illustrated: Historical, Biographical, Commercial Review of the Progress in Commerce, the Professions and in Social, Municipal Life.” J.M. Elstner & Co., New York, New York.
Jervis, William P. 1897. “A Book of Pottery Marks.” Press of Hayes Bros., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Trenton Board of Trade. 1900. “Industrial Trenton and Vicinity.” George A. Wolf Publishers, Wilmington, Delaware.
Secretary of State. 1914. “Corporations of New Jersey, List of Certificates to December 31, 1911.” MacCrellish & Quigley, Trenton, New Jersey.
Harney, W.J. 1929. “Trenton’s First Potteries.” Sunday Times Advertiser, July 7, 14, 21 and 28, 1929.
Thorn, C. Jordan. 1947. “Handbook of Old Pottery & Porcelain Marks.” Tudor Publishing Company, New York, New York.
Robinson, Dorothy and Bill Feeny. 1980. “The Official Price Guide to American Pottery & Porcelain.” House of Collectibles, Orlando, Florida.
Leibowitz, Joan. 1985. “Yellow Ware: The Transitional Ceramic.” Schiffer Publishing, Ltd., West Chester, Pennsylvania.
Lehner, Lois. 1988. “Lehner’s Encyclopedia of U.S. Marks on Pottery, Porcelain & Clay.” Collector Books, Paducah, Kentucky.
Frelinghuysen, Alice Cooney. 1989. “American Porcelain, 1770-1920.” Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York.
Nottle, Diane. 1997. “Beauty, Utility and Paychecks, All Built on a Base of Clay.” New York Times, November 9, 1997.
Goldberg, David J. 1998. “Preliminary Notes on the Pioneer Potters and Potteries of Trenton, N.J.: The First Thirty Years – 1852 – 1882 (And Beyond).” Privately published, Trenton, New Jersey.
Hunter Research, Inc. 2005 “Historical and Archaeological Investigations at the Excelsior Pottery Site, Southard Street Bridge Replacement Project, City of Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey.” Report on file, New Jersey Historic Preservation Office (NJDEP), Trenton, New Jersey.
Wall, John P. N.d. “History of the Potteries of Trenton, New Jersey.” Manuscript on file, Trenton Public Library, Trenton, New Jersey.
Other firms at this site:
William Young & Sons; Wm. Young & Sons; William Young's Sons
Block and Lot:
46E-1/24, 53-68, 72, 76
Historic Street Address:
Brunswick Avenue near City Limits; Southard Street; 400 Southard Street
City of Trenton
Everts & Stewart 1875: shown as “Pottery W. Young & Sons” (also includes lithograph)
|Name in census||Wm. Young & Sons|
|Raw materials 1||Coal|
|Quantity materials 1||500 tons|
|Value materials 1||2000|
|Raw materials 2||Clay|
|Quantity materials 2||150 tons|
|Value materials 2||1300|
|Raw materials 3||Flint|
|Quantity materials 3||100 tons|
|Value materials 3||700|
|Raw materials 4||Spar|
|Quantity materials 4||50 tons|
|Value materials 4||500|
|Raw materials 5||Bone|
|Raw materials 6||Cobalt|
|Quantity materials 5||60 tons|
|Quantity materials 6||10 lbs.|
|Value materials 5||1000|
|Value materials 6||50|
|Power type 1||Engine-25 Horse and Hands|
|Male hands employed||36|
|Female hands employed||2|
|Kind of product||Queensware & China|
|Value of product||20000|
|Name in census||Wm. Young & Sons|
|Type of power 1||1 Steam Engine|
|Machine name 1||Potters Wheels|
|Machine quantity 1||8|
|Raw material type 1||Coal|
|Raw material quantity 1||1000 tons|
|Raw material value 1||6000|
|Raw material type 2||Flint|
|Raw material type 3||Spar|
|Raw material type 4||Clay|
|Raw material type 5||Lime|
|Raw material type 6||Paris White|
|Raw material type 7||Zinc|
|Raw material type 8||Cobalt|
|Raw material type 9||Biscid [Bisque]|
|Raw material type 10||Oil|
|Raw material type 11||Bone|
|Raw material type 12||Total|
|Raw material quantity 2||120 tons|
|Raw material quantity 3||60 tons|
|Raw material quantity 4||300 tons|
|Raw material quantity 5||5 tons|
|Raw material quantity 6||2 tons|
|Raw material quantity 7||1 ton|
|Raw material quantity 8||150 lbs|
|Raw material quantity 9||1000|
|Raw material quantity 10||100 gal.|
|Raw material quantity 11||40 tons|
|Raw material value 2||2000|
|Raw material value 3||1200|
|Raw material value 4||11000|
|Raw material value 5||1200|
|Raw material value 6||150|
|Raw material value 7||600|
|Raw material value 8||600|
|Raw material value 9||330|
|Raw material value 10||65|
|Raw material value 11||1000|
|Raw material value 12||23725|
|Product type 1||Earthen Ware|
|Product type 2||Porcelain|
|Product type 3||Total|
|Product value 1||35000|
|Product value 2||15000|
|Product value 3||50000|
|Male hands above 16||50|
|Female hands above 16||11|