yellowware; Rockingham ware (Trenton State Gazette, Monday, August 27, 1866).
“Be in enacted by the State and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey that Appollinaire Husson, James Taylor, John F. Houdayer, Edmund Husson and their Associates be, and are hereby, created a body politic and corporate, in fact and in law, by the name and style of the ‘Trenton Pottery Company’ for the purpose of manufacturing, selling and dealing in earthenware or crockery of various descriptionsÉact approved February 9, 1865” (Acts of the Eighty-Ninth Legislature 1865:17).
“The first pottery in Trenton was established about thirteen years ago by Mr. Taylor of the firm of Taylor & Houdayer, who was the pioneer of the trade in this vicinity. His earliest labors were confined to the manufacture of yellow and Rockingham ware” (“The Manufactories of Trenton. Article II. The Pottery Trade.” Trenton State Gazette, Monday, August 27, 1866).
Detailed description of the operation of this pottery in 1866 is provided in “The Manufactories of Trenton. Article III. The Pottery Trade – Continued” (Trenton State Gazette, Wednesday, August 29, 1866).
“É in August 1870 he [John F. Houdayer] sold his interest to John Goodwin. This changed the firm name to Taylor & Goodwin. In 1871 Mr. Goodwin sold his half interest to his son James and Mr. Isaac Davis, and the firm was known as Taylor, Davis & Goodwin. In the same year Mr. Davis purchased from James H. Goodwin his interest, which gave to Mr. Davis, along with his own, a half interest in the firm, which then changed to Taylor & Davis. In 1875 Mr. Taylor being anxious to retire from business life, sold his interest to Mr. Isaac Davis, making him sole proprietor of the establishment, which he continues to be” (Mains and Fitzgerald 1879).
Elijah Tatler worked as a decorator for this firm in the mid-1870s. Shortly after establishing his own decorating business, Tatler passed away (January 12, 1876), and one of his sons took over the business, W.H. Tatler Decorating Company of Trenton (Newark Museum Association 1914:30).
“Taylor and Houdayer incorporated the pottery in February 1865 as the Trenton PotteryÉ” (Goldberg 1998:18).
R.G. Dun & Company Collection, Mercer County. 1862-1875. 1 :317.
Acts of the Eighty-Ninth Legislature of the State of New Jersey, and Twenty-First under the New Constitution. 1865. “Laws of New Jersey” Newark Printing and Publishing Co., Newark, New Jersey.
“The Manufactories of Trenton. Article III. The Pottery Trade – Continued.” Trenton State Gazette, Wednesday, August 29, 1866.
Webb & Fitzgerald. 1867-1868. “The Trenton Directory, Containing a List of the Inhabitants, Together with a Business Directory and Other Information Valuable to the Citizen and Stranger.” Directory. Webb & Fitzgerald, New York, New York.
J.H Lant & Co. 1868-1869. “The Trenton City Directory, for 1868 1869, Containing the Names of the Inhabitants, Together with a Business and Street Directory of the City, Business Directory of Mercer Co., and an Appendix of Valuable Information.” pp. 187-188. Vannote & Yard, Trenton, New Jersey.
Crosley, William F. 1869. “The Trenton City Directory, for 1869, Containing the Names of the Inhabitants, Together with a Business and Street Directory of the City and an Appendix of Valuable Information.” Murphy & Bechtel, Book and Job Printers, Trenton, New Jersey.
Federal Census of New Jersey. 1870. Industrial Schedules. On file, New Jersey State Archives, Trenton, New Jersey.
Metcalf, Edwin S. 1870. “The Trenton City Directory, 1870, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, and a Record of the City Government, Its Institutions, Societies, Corporations.” Webb Brothers & Co.
Slade, Charles H. 1871. “Trenton Directory, 1871, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, and a Record of the City Government, Its Institutions, Societies, Corporations, Etc.” Directory. Webb Brothers & Co.
Boyd, A., and W. H. Boyd. 1873-1875. “Boyd’s Trenton City Directory: Containing the Names of Its Citizens, a Compendium of Its Government and of Public and Private Institutions, and a Business Directory of the Principal Towns in Mercer County, a List of Farmers.” Andrew Boyd and W. Harry Boyd, Syracuse, New York and Pottsville, Pennsylvania.
Mains, Bishop W. and Fitzgerald, Thomas F. 1877-1879. “Mains and Fitzgerald’s Trenton, Chambersburg and Millham Directory: Containing the Names of the Citizens, Statistical Business Report, Historical Sketches, a List of the Public and Private Institutions, Together with National, State, County, and City Government.” Bishop W. Mains & Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Trenton, New Jersey.
Young, Jennie J. 1879. “The Ceramic Art: A Compendium of the History and Manufacture of Pottery and Porcelain.” Harper & Bros., New York, New York.
Woodward, E. M. and John F. Hageman. 1883. “History of Burlington and Mercer Counties.” Everts and Peck, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Hood, John. 1905. “Index of Colonial and State Laws of New Jersey Between the Years 1663 and 1903 Inclusive.” Sinnickson, Chew & Sons Co., Camden, New Jersey.
Newark Museum Association. 1914. “The Work of The Potteries of New Jersey: From 1685 to 1876 , Being Extracts from ‘The Pottery and Porcelain of the United States,’ by Edwin Atlee Barber and Marks of New Jersey Potteries, as Reproduced from ‘Pottery,’ Published by The Thomas Maddock’s Sons Company.” Newark Museum Association, Newark, New Jersey.
Trenton Historical Society. 1929. “A History of Trenton 1679-1929: Two Hundred and Fifty Years of a Notable Town with Links in Four Centuries.” Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.
Thorn, C. Jordan. 1947. “Handbook of Old Pottery & Porcelain Marks.” Tudor Publishing Company, New York, New York.
Lehner, Lois. 1980. “Complete Book of American Kitchen and Dinner Wares.” Wallace-Homestead Book Company, Des Moines, Iowa.
Robinson, Dorothy and Bill Feeny. 1980. “The Official Price Guide to American Pottery & Porcelain.” House of Collectibles, Orlando, Florida.
Lehner, Lois. 1988. “Lehner’s Encyclopedia of U.S. Marks on Pottery, Porcelain & Clay.” Collector Books, Paducah, Kentucky.
Denker, Ellen Paul. 1989. “Lenox China: Celebrating a Century of Quality 1889-1989.” Lenox, Inc., Trenton, New Jersey.
Goldberg, David J. 1998. “Preliminary Notes on the Pioneer Potters and Potteries of Trenton, N.J.: The First Thirty Years – 1852 – 1882 (And Beyond).” Privately published, Trenton, New Jersey.
Other firms at this site:
Trenton Pottery Company
Block and Lot:
52B; 52C; NJ RT 26
Historic Street Address:
Greenwood Avenue corner of Jackson Street; Railroad between Jackson & Mercer; Taylor near Mercer; Mercer corner of Taylor; Taylor near Broad
City of Trenton
|Name in census||Trenton Pottery Co.|
|Type of power 1||Hand|
|Raw material type 1||Coal|
|Raw material quantity 1||800 tons|
|Raw material value 1||5000|
|Raw material type 2||Koln [Culm?]|
|Raw material type 3||Clay|
|Raw material type 4||Lead|
|Raw material type 5||Cobalt|
|Raw material type 6||B[oric] Acid|
|Raw material type 7||Zinc|
|Raw material type 8||Flint|
|Raw material type 9||Feldspar|
|Raw material type 10||Straw|
|Raw material type 11||Package|
|Raw material type 12||Total|
|Raw material quantity 2||150 tons|
|Raw material quantity 3||150 tons|
|Raw material quantity 4||2 tons|
|Raw material quantity 5||150 lbs|
|Raw material quantity 6||2000 lbs|
|Raw material quantity 7||2000 tons|
|Raw material quantity 8||100 tons|
|Raw material quantity 9||100 tons|
|Raw material quantity 10||25 tons|
|Raw material quantity 11||600 tons|
|Raw material value 2||4000|
|Raw material value 3||1500|
|Raw material value 4||250|
|Raw material value 5||500|
|Raw material value 6||600|
|Raw material value 7||1700|
|Raw material value 8||1700|
|Raw material value 9||2000|
|Raw material value 10||300|
|Raw material value 11||750|
|Raw material value 12||16780|
|Product type 1||Pottery|
|Product value 1||40000|
|Male hands above 16||20|
|Female hands above 16||5|