New Jersey Pottery Company


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In operation



fine white wares (Goldberg 1998:45)


“Be it enacted by the State and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey that Elias Cook, John Woolverton, Caleb Green, Barker Gummere, Nathaniel E. Britton and their Associates be, and are hereby, created a body politic and corporate, in fact and in law, by the name and style of the ‘New Jersey Pottery Company’ for the purpose of manufacturing, selling and dealing earthenware and crockery of various descriptionsÉ approved March 18, 1869” (Acts of the Ninety-Third Legislature 1869:507).

“In 1878, Elias Cook erected these works near the Belvidere and Delaware Railroad, on Railroad Avenue. The concern afterwards became a stock company, with Henry T. Cook, President É This pottery has been distinguished for the artistic and tasteful designs of its decorated ware” (Woodward and Hageman 1883:693).

New Jersey Pottery Co. incorporated in 1869″ (Hood 1905).

Both the Union Pottery Company and the New Jersey Pottery Company were incorporated by 1869. In 1882, the New Jersey Pottery Company’s Coalport Works were taken over by the Union Pottery Company (Harney 1929).

The New Jersey Pottery was succeeded by the Union Pottery and later became the American Brass and Lamp Co. (Abramson and Karschner 1978:12).

“The company was incorporated in 1869, and in 1883 the name was changed to Union Pottery Company” (Robinson and Feeny 1980:333).

Although incorporated in 1869, it was not until 1878 that the pottery was constructed (Goldberg 1998:44).

Selected References

Acts of the Ninety-Third Legislature of the State of New Jersey, and Twenty-Fifth under the New Constitution “Laws of New Jersey.” 1869. A.R. Speer, New Brunswick, New Jersey.

Fitzgerald, Thomas F. 1879-1883. “Fitzgerald’s Trenton and Mercer County Directory, Together with a Directory of Bordentown, Burlington, Mount Holly and Lambertville, NJ and Morrisville, PA, Included a Fund of Information Concerning Public and Private Institutions, National, State, County, City and Borough Governments, Gathered from Reliable and Official Sources.” Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Trenton, New Jersey.

Federal Census of New Jersey. 1880. Industrial Schedules. On file, New Jersey State Archives, Trenton, New Jersey.

Woodward, E.M. and John F. Hageman. 1883. “History of Burlington and Mercer Counties.” Everts and Peck, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Trenton Board of Trade. 1900. “Industrial Trenton and Vicinity.” George A. Wolf Publishers, Wilmington, Delaware.

Hood, John. 1905. “Index of Colonial and State Laws of New Jersey Between the Years 1663 and 1903 Inclusive.” Sinnickson, Chew & Sons Co., Camden, New Jersey.

Newark Museum Association. 1914. “The Work of The Potteries of New Jersey: From 1685 to 1876 , Being Extracts from ‘The Pottery and Porcelain of the United States,’ by Edwin Atlee Barber and Marks of New Jersey Potteries, as Reproduced from ‘Pottery,’ Published by The Thomas Maddock’s Sons Company.” Newark Museum Association, Newark, New Jersey.

Harney, W.J. 1929. “Trenton’s First Potteries.” Sunday Times Advertiser, July 7, 14, 21 and 28, 1929.

Podmore, Harry J. 1956. “Union Pottery Co. Succeeded New Jersey Pottery.” Sunday Times Advertiser, November 11, 1956.

Abramson, D.V. and T. Karschner. 1978. “An Inventory of Historic Engineering and Industrial Sites, Trenton, New Jersey.” On file, New Jersey Historic Preservation Office (NJDEP), Trenton, New Jersey.

Robinson, Dorothy and Bill Feeny. 1980. “The Official Price Guide to American Pottery & Porcelain.” House of Collectibles, Orlando, Florida.

Goldberg, David J. 1998 . “Preliminary Notes on the Pioneer Potters and Potteries of Trenton, N.J.: The First Thirty Years – 1852 – 1882 (And Beyond).” Privately published, Trenton, New Jersey.

Other Names

New Jersey Pottery Company

Block and Lot:

Historic Street Address:
Muirhead Avenue near Pennsylvania Railroad; Muirhead Avenue near Pennsylvania and Bound Brook Railroad; Railroad Avenue near Clinton

City of Trenton

1880 Census

Name in censusNew Jersey Pottery Co.
Number of hands200
Males above 16125
Females above 1530
May to Nov hours9
Nov to May hours8
Skilled wages3
Ordinary wages1.25
Total wages in year78000
Full time months12
Value of raw material60000
Value of product150000
Number of engines2
Horse power160