National Pottery

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The Database is organized by location, but you can find a pottery initially by searching for its name, which is at the top of the of the page with dates of operation below. Alternate names and the names of other potteries on the same site are noted at the top of the right-hand column, just above the pottery’s location.

The types of wares made appear below the pottery name in the left-hand column, followed by the references that informed these classifications.

Sample images of maker’s marks may be enlarged by clicking on the image.

Notes include a variety of information compiled from many standard sources and are presented as miscellaneous tidbits.

In the Gallery and Map Gallery in the right-hand column you will see historic images and insurance maps of the pottery’s facilities if available as well as historic advertisements and images of the wares made.

You can download more detailed information in all of these categories by choosing a PDF of the pottery’s full listing, which also includes the documentary sources. The PDF is text only and does not contain any images.  Data from the 1860, 1870 and 1880 industrial censuses area also included in the PDF if they exist for a given pottery. This data gives you a picture of the size of the pottery operation and the age and gender makeup of its work force.

You can help expand the database by contributing pictures and information. Contact POTS by the email address at the bottom of the page.

In operation    1869-1872



“The National Pottery, a two kiln plant on East Canal Street, near State Street, was totally destroyed by fire this morning. It was owned by Messrs. T. Wallis Hill, Charles Hewitt, and others. It was formerly known as Lumley’s Row, an old frame structure and was adjacent to Mercer Cemetery. It was incorporated about four years ago.”

Daily True American, August 2, 1872.


Selected References

J.H. Lant & Co. 1868-1869.  The Trenton City Directory, for 1868 1869, Containing the Names of the Inhabitants, Together with a Business and Street Directory of the City, Business Directory of Mercer Co., and an Appendix of Valuable Information.  pp. 187 188. Vannote & Yard, Trenton, New Jersey.

Slade, Charles H. 1871.  Trenton Directory, 1871, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, and a Record of the City Government, Its Institutions, Societies, Corporations, Etc.  Directory. Webb Brothers & Co.

Daily True American, August 2, 1872.

Harney, W.J. 1929. “Trenton’s First Potteries.” Sunday Times Advertiser, July 7, 14, 21 and 28, 1929.

Other Names

National Pottery Company; Hill & Moyer; Lumley Row Pottery

Block and Lot:

Historic Street Address:
East Canal Street near State Street

City of Trenton

1870 Census

Name in censusNational Pottery Co.
Capital Invested25000
Type of power 11 Steam Engine
Horsepower 115
Machine name 1Jiggers & Pans
Machine name 2Hydraulic Press
Machine quantity 24
Raw material type 1Clays
Raw material quantity 1150 tons
Raw material value 12000
Raw material type 2Flint & Feldspar
Raw material type 3Coal
Raw material type 4Chemicals
Raw material type 5Total
Raw material quantity 2150 tons
Raw material quantity 3500 tons
Raw material quantity 410 tons
Raw material value 23000
Raw material value 32500
Raw material value 41000
Raw material value 58500
Product type 1White Earthenware
Product value 125000
Male hands above 1620
Female hands above 165
Yearly wages13000
Months operating8