Glasgow Pottery

  

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In operation

1863-c.1906

Wares

sanitary earthenware, china and porcelainware (Industrial Directory 1901); dinner, tea, toilet and decorated wares of every description (Newark Museum Association 1914); yellowware, Rockingham, cream-colored ware, white granite ware, majolica (Snyder and Bockol 1994:140);

Notes

“A Fire. — A fire occurred yesterday morning at Moses’ Pottery building in Perry Street. It originated from the catching fire of the frame of a door, caused by the intense heat from a newly opened furnace under one of the kilns. The engines were promptly on the ground and extinguished the fire before it did any further damage than burn a few holes through the roof. Had the roof not been of slate it is doubtful if the fire could have been extinguished so easily” (Trenton State Gazette, Friday, August 9, 1867).

“Be it enacted by the State and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey that John Moses, James Moses, Elijah Mountford, Thomas Davis, Thomas Stevenson and their Associates be, and are hereby, created a body politic and corporate, in fact and in law, by the name and style of the ‘Glasgow Pottery Company’ for the purpose of manufacturing, selling and dealing earthenware and crockery of various descriptionsÉ approved March 21, 1873” (Acts of the Ninety-Seventh Legislature 1873, Second Part).

“Mr. Moses is making arrangements with the Pennsylvania Railroad Company for improved facilities for shipping his goods. A spur is being run in the yard up to the packing shed, and the arrangements are such that a crate or cask can be rolled on the car without much trouble” (Trenton State Gazette, Monday, June 28, 1880).

“Glasgow Pottery – This was started in 1859, at its present location on Carroll Street, by Ralph H. and William T. Shreve. It was at first a manufactory of yellow ware. In 1863 John Moses & Company rented it for a year with the privilege of purchasing it at the expiration of that time. On Jan. 1, 1865, they purchased it, and and it has since been conducted by them. Reticence on the part of the firm prevents any further account of this pottery” (Woodward & Hageman 1883:691). [No independent verification has been found for the Shreve involvement].

“The name of the Glasgow Pottery is widely known throughout this country in connection with the John Hancock cups and saucers used at the Centennial Tea Parties, which were made extensively just previous to the Exhibition of 1876” (Newark Museum Association 1914:20).

“John Moses & Sons Co. forfeited its company charter in 1909” (Secretary of State 1914).

In 1865 John Moses & Sons Co., Inc. owned two kilns with machinery; in the 1880s they owned five kilns and machinery (Harney 1929 quoting Raum 1871).

The first white ware to be decorated (in Trenton) was produced at the Glasgow Pottery, founded in 1863 by John Moses & Company (Van Hoesen 1973) [Disputed by Goldberg 1998, see City Pottery – William Young & Sons].

A highly ornamental parian vase signed by John Moses & Co. is in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (Frelinghuysen 1989:160-162).

“In 1863 John Moses founded the Glasgow Pottery to produce yellow ware, Rockingham, cream-colored wares, and white granite; majolica came later. Most of the Glasgow Pottery’s products were utilitarian. It is most notable as one of only three American firms (along with the New York City Pottery and the Philadelphia City Pottery) to display majolica at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposiition. Unfortunately the pottery apparently marked none of its majolica. The plant ceased production around 1900” (Snyder and Bockol 1994:140).

“The tenth pottery to be set up in Trenton was the Glasgow Pottery located between Carroll and Ewing Streets adjacent to the Millington and Astbury plant. John Raum noted that a pottery had been started at this site in 1859 by the Shreve brothers which proved unsuccessful” (Goldberg 1998:37).

“ÉThe main building was three hundred feet long and thirty five feet wide and consisted of four floors. The plant at this time operated three biscuit and three gloss kilns and employed two hundred handsÉBy 1897, the pottery had achieved the distinction of being the oldest pottery in the Unites States operating under one continuous management. The plant had expanded to nine large kilns and two decorating kilns, producing a variety of china products” (Goldberg 1998:37-39).

Selected References

“The Manufactories of Trenton. Article II. The Pottery Trade.” Trenton State Gazette, Monday, August 27, 1866.

“A Fire.” Trenton State Gazette, Friday, August 9, 1867.

R.G. Dun & Company Collection, Mercer County. 1867-1872. 1[44]:132.

Webb & Fitzgerald. 1867-1868. “The Trenton Directory, Containing a List of the Inhabitants, Together with a Business Directory and Other Information Valuable to the Citizen and Stranger.” Directory. Webb & Fitzgerald, New York, New York.

J.H. Lant & Co. 1868-1869. “The Trenton City Directory, for 1868-1869, Containing the Names of the Inhabitants, Together with a Business and Street Directory of the City, Business Directory of Mercer Co., and an Appendix of Valuable Information.” Vannote & Yard, Trenton, New Jersey.

Crosley, William F. 1869. “The Trenton City Directory, for 1869, Containing the Names of the Inhabitants, Together with a Business and Street Directory of the City and an Appendix of Valuable Information.” Murphy & Bechtel, Book and Job Printers, Trenton, New Jersey.

Federal Census of New Jersey. 1870. Industrial Schedules. On file, New Jersey State Archives, Trenton, New Jersey.

Metcalf, E.S. 1870. “The Trenton City Directory, 1870, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, and a Record of the City Government, Its Institutions, Societies, Corporations.” Webb Brothers & Co.

Raum, J.O. 1871. “History of the City of Trenton.” W.T. Nicholson & Co., Trenton, New Jersey.

Slade, Charles H. 1871. “Trenton Directory, 1871, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, and a Record of the City Government, Its Institutions, Societies, Corporations, Etc.” Directory. Webb Brothers & Co.

J.H. Lant & Co. 1872. “The Trenton Directory, 1872, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, Together with a Town Business Directory of Mercer County, and Much Useful Miscellaneous Information.” J.H. Lant & Co., Trenton, New Jersey.

Acts of the Ninety-Seventh Legislature of the State of New Jersey, and Twenty-Ninth under the New Constitution. 1873. “Laws of New Jersey” Vance & Stiles, Morristown, New Jersey.

Boyd, Andrew and William H. Boyd. 1874. “Boyd’s Trenton City Directory: Containing the Names of Its Citizens, a Compendium of Its Government and of Public and Private Institutions, and a Business Directory of the Principal Towns in Mercer County, a List of Farmers.” Andrew Boyd and W. Harry Boyd, Syracuse, New York and Pottsville, Pennsylvania.

Everts & Stewart. 1875. “The Pottery Interest.” Combination Atlas Map of Mercer County, pp. XI-XII. Everts & Stewart, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Mains, B.W., and T.F. Fitzgerald. 1877-1879. “Mains and Fitzgerald’s Trenton, Chambersburg and Millham Directory: Containing the Names of the Citizens, Statistical Business Report, Historical Sketches, a List of the Public and Private Institutions, Together with National, State, County, and City Government.” Bishop W. Mains & Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Trenton, New Jersey.

Young, Jennie J. 1879. “The Ceramic Art: A Compendium of the History and Manufacture of Pottery and Porcelain.” Harper & Bros., New York, New York.

Federal Census of New Jersey. 1880. Industrial Schedules. On file, New Jersey State Archives, Trenton, New Jersey.

“Pottery Notes.” Trenton State Gazette, Monday, June 28, 1880.

Fitzgerald, Thomas F. 1880-1900. “Fitzgerald’s Trenton and Mercer County Directory, Together with a Directory of Bordentown, Burlington, Mount Holly and Lambertville, NJ and Morrisville, PA, Included a Fund of Information Concerning Public and Private Institutions, National, State, County, City and Borough Governments, Gathered from Reliable and Official Sources.” Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Trenton, New Jersey.

Woodward, E.M. and John F. Hageman. 1883. “History of Burlington and Mercer Counties.” Everts and Peck, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Jervis, William P. 1897. “A Book of Pottery Marks.” Press of Hayes Bros., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Trenton Board of Trade. 1900. “Industrial Trenton and Vicinity.” George A. Wolf Publishers, Wilmington, Delaware.

New Jersey Bureau of Industrial Statistics. 1901. “The Industrial Directory of New Jersey.” Trenton, New Jersey.

Fitzgerald, Thomas F. 1901-1905. “Fitzgerald’s Trenton and Mercer County Directory, Together with a Directory of Bordentown, Burlington, Mount Holly and Lambertville, NJ.” Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Trenton, New Jersey.

Hood, John. 1905. “Index of Colonial and State Laws of New Jersey Between the Years 1663 and 1903 Inclusive.” Sinnickson, Chew & Sons Co., Camden, New Jersey.

Newark Museum Association. 1914. “The Work of The Potteries of New Jersey: From 1685 to 1876 , Being Extracts from ‘The Pottery and Porcelain of the United States,’ by Edwin Atlee Barber and Marks of New Jersey Potteries, as Reproduced from ‘Pottery,’ Published by The Thomas Maddock’s Sons Company.” Newark Museum Association, Newark, New Jersey.

Secretary of State. 1914. “Corporations of New Jersey, List of Certificates to December 31, 1911.” MacCrellish & Quigley, Trenton, New Jersey.

Harney, W.J. 1929. “Trenton’s First Potteries.” Sunday Times Advertiser, July 7, 14, 21 and 28, 1929.

Thorn, C. Jordan. 1947. “Handbook of Old Pottery & Porcelain Marks.” Tudor Publishing Company, New York, New York.

Van Hoesen, Walter Hamilton. 1973. “Crafts and Craftsmen of New Jersey.” Associated University Presses, Inc., Cranbury, New Jersey.

Barber, Edwin Atlee. 1976. “Marks of American Potters with Facsimiles of 1000 Marks and Illustrations of Rare Examples of American Wares.” Ars Ceramica, Ltd., Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Lehner, Lois. 1980. “Complete Book of American Kitchen and Dinner Wares.” Wallace-Homestead Book Company, Des Moines, Iowa.

Robinson, Dorothy and Bill Feeny. 1980. “The Official Price Guide to American Pottery & Porcelain.” House of Collectibles, Orlando, Florida.

Quigley, M.A. and D.E. Collier. 1984. “A Capital Place: The Story of Trenton.” Historical Society and Windsor Publications, Inc., Woodland Hills, California.

Lehner, Lois. 1988. “Lehner’s Encyclopedia of U.S. Marks on Pottery, Porcelain & Clay.” Collector Books, Paducah, Kentucky.

Frelinghuysen, Alice Cooney. 1989. “American Porcelain, 1770-1920.” Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York.

Snyder, Jeffrey B. and Leslie Bockol. 1994. “Majolica: American and European Wares.” Schiffer Publishing Ltd, Atglen, Pennsylvania.

Stern, Marc Jeffrey. 1994. “The Pottery Industry of Trenton: A Skilled Trade in Transition, 1850-1929.” Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, New Jersey.

Wetherbee, Jean. 1996. “White Ironstone: A Collector’s Guide.” Antique Trader Books, Dubuque, Iowa.

Goldberg, David J. 1998. “Preliminary Notes on the Pioneer Potters and Potteries of Trenton, N.J.: The First Thirty Years – 1852 – 1882 (And Beyond).” Privately published, Trenton, New Jersey.

Other Names

John Moses & Company; John Moses & Sons Company; John Moses & Co. Glasgow Pottery

Block and Lot:
12C/103

Historic Street Address:
94 Carroll Street; Carroll Street near Perry Street

Municipality:
City of Trenton

1870 Census

Name in censusJohn Moses & Co.
Capital Invested85000
Type of power 11 Steam Engine
Horsepower 130
Machine name 1Steam Jigger
Machine name 2Hand Jigger
Machine name 3Whilers
Machine name 4Lathe
Machine name 5Throw Wheel
Machine quantity 15
Machine quantity 23
Machine quantity 335
Machine quantity 41
Machine quantity 51
Raw material type 1Clays
Raw material quantity 1700 tons
Raw material value 111000
Raw material type 2Flint
Raw material type 3Feldspar
Raw material type 4Lead
Raw material type 5Boric Acid
Raw material type 6Cobalt
Raw material type 7Coal
Raw material type 8Total
Raw material quantity 2500 tons
Raw material quantity 3200 tons
Raw material quantity 420 tons
Raw material quantity 51 ton
Raw material quantity 6500 lbs
Raw material quantity 71,200 tons
Raw material value 25700
Raw material value 34000
Raw material value 45000
Raw material value 56000
Raw material value 62000
Raw material value 735500
Raw material value 835500
Product type 1White Earthen Ware & Stone China
Product type 1Impossible to enumerate
Product value 1100000
Male hands above 1650
Female hands above 1620
Children50
Yearly wages45000
Months operating12

1880 Census

Name in censusJohn Moses
Capital150000
Number of hands200
Males above 16125
Females above 1525
Children50
May to Nov hours9
Nov to May hours8
Skilled wages2.25
Ordinary wages1.25
Total wages in year85000
Full time months12
Value of raw material125000
Value of product250000
Number of engines1
Horse power40