sanitary earthenware, china and porcelainware (Industrial Directory 1901); dinner, tea, toilet and decorated wares of every description (Newark Museum Association 1914); yellowware, Rockingham, cream-colored ware, white granite ware, majolica (Snyder and Bockol 1994:140);
“A Fire. — A fire occurred yesterday morning at Moses’ Pottery building in Perry Street. It originated from the catching fire of the frame of a door, caused by the intense heat from a newly opened furnace under one of the kilns. The engines were promptly on the ground and extinguished the fire before it did any further damage than burn a few holes through the roof. Had the roof not been of slate it is doubtful if the fire could have been extinguished so easily” (Trenton State Gazette, Friday, August 9, 1867).
“Be it enacted by the State and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey that John Moses, James Moses, Elijah Mountford, Thomas Davis, Thomas Stevenson and their Associates be, and are hereby, created a body politic and corporate, in fact and in law, by the name and style of the ‘Glasgow Pottery Company’ for the purpose of manufacturing, selling and dealing earthenware and crockery of various descriptionsÉ approved March 21, 1873” (Acts of the Ninety-Seventh Legislature 1873, Second Part).
“Mr. Moses is making arrangements with the Pennsylvania Railroad Company for improved facilities for shipping his goods. A spur is being run in the yard up to the packing shed, and the arrangements are such that a crate or cask can be rolled on the car without much trouble” (Trenton State Gazette, Monday, June 28, 1880).
“Glasgow Pottery – This was started in 1859, at its present location on Carroll Street, by Ralph H. and William T. Shreve. It was at first a manufactory of yellow ware. In 1863 John Moses & Company rented it for a year with the privilege of purchasing it at the expiration of that time. On Jan. 1, 1865, they purchased it, and and it has since been conducted by them. Reticence on the part of the firm prevents any further account of this pottery” (Woodward & Hageman 1883:691). [No independent verification has been found for the Shreve involvement].
“The name of the Glasgow Pottery is widely known throughout this country in connection with the John Hancock cups and saucers used at the Centennial Tea Parties, which were made extensively just previous to the Exhibition of 1876” (Newark Museum Association 1914:20).
“John Moses & Sons Co. forfeited its company charter in 1909” (Secretary of State 1914).
In 1865 John Moses & Sons Co., Inc. owned two kilns with machinery; in the 1880s they owned five kilns and machinery (Harney 1929 quoting Raum 1871).
The first white ware to be decorated (in Trenton) was produced at the Glasgow Pottery, founded in 1863 by John Moses & Company (Van Hoesen 1973) [Disputed by Goldberg 1998, see City Pottery – William Young & Sons].
A highly ornamental parian vase signed by John Moses & Co. is in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (Frelinghuysen 1989:160-162).
“In 1863 John Moses founded the Glasgow Pottery to produce yellow ware, Rockingham, cream-colored wares, and white granite; majolica came later. Most of the Glasgow Pottery’s products were utilitarian. It is most notable as one of only three American firms (along with the New York City Pottery and the Philadelphia City Pottery) to display majolica at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposiition. Unfortunately the pottery apparently marked none of its majolica. The plant ceased production around 1900” (Snyder and Bockol 1994:140).
“The tenth pottery to be set up in Trenton was the Glasgow Pottery located between Carroll and Ewing Streets adjacent to the Millington and Astbury plant. John Raum noted that a pottery had been started at this site in 1859 by the Shreve brothers which proved unsuccessful” (Goldberg 1998:37).
“ÉThe main building was three hundred feet long and thirty five feet wide and consisted of four floors. The plant at this time operated three biscuit and three gloss kilns and employed two hundred handsÉBy 1897, the pottery had achieved the distinction of being the oldest pottery in the Unites States operating under one continuous management. The plant had expanded to nine large kilns and two decorating kilns, producing a variety of china products” (Goldberg 1998:37-39).
“The Manufactories of Trenton. Article II. The Pottery Trade.” Trenton State Gazette, Monday, August 27, 1866.
“A Fire.” Trenton State Gazette, Friday, August 9, 1867.
R.G. Dun & Company Collection, Mercer County. 1867-1872. 1:132.
Webb & Fitzgerald. 1867-1868. “The Trenton Directory, Containing a List of the Inhabitants, Together with a Business Directory and Other Information Valuable to the Citizen and Stranger.” Directory. Webb & Fitzgerald, New York, New York.
J.H. Lant & Co. 1868-1869. “The Trenton City Directory, for 1868-1869, Containing the Names of the Inhabitants, Together with a Business and Street Directory of the City, Business Directory of Mercer Co., and an Appendix of Valuable Information.” Vannote & Yard, Trenton, New Jersey.
Crosley, William F. 1869. “The Trenton City Directory, for 1869, Containing the Names of the Inhabitants, Together with a Business and Street Directory of the City and an Appendix of Valuable Information.” Murphy & Bechtel, Book and Job Printers, Trenton, New Jersey.
Federal Census of New Jersey. 1870. Industrial Schedules. On file, New Jersey State Archives, Trenton, New Jersey.
Metcalf, E.S. 1870. “The Trenton City Directory, 1870, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, and a Record of the City Government, Its Institutions, Societies, Corporations.” Webb Brothers & Co.
Raum, J.O. 1871. “History of the City of Trenton.” W.T. Nicholson & Co., Trenton, New Jersey.
Slade, Charles H. 1871. “Trenton Directory, 1871, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, and a Record of the City Government, Its Institutions, Societies, Corporations, Etc.” Directory. Webb Brothers & Co.
J.H. Lant & Co. 1872. “The Trenton Directory, 1872, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, Together with a Town Business Directory of Mercer County, and Much Useful Miscellaneous Information.” J.H. Lant & Co., Trenton, New Jersey.
Acts of the Ninety-Seventh Legislature of the State of New Jersey, and Twenty-Ninth under the New Constitution. 1873. “Laws of New Jersey” Vance & Stiles, Morristown, New Jersey.
Boyd, Andrew and William H. Boyd. 1874. “Boyd’s Trenton City Directory: Containing the Names of Its Citizens, a Compendium of Its Government and of Public and Private Institutions, and a Business Directory of the Principal Towns in Mercer County, a List of Farmers.” Andrew Boyd and W. Harry Boyd, Syracuse, New York and Pottsville, Pennsylvania.
Everts & Stewart. 1875. “The Pottery Interest.” Combination Atlas Map of Mercer County, pp. XI-XII. Everts & Stewart, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Mains, B.W., and T.F. Fitzgerald. 1877-1879. “Mains and Fitzgerald’s Trenton, Chambersburg and Millham Directory: Containing the Names of the Citizens, Statistical Business Report, Historical Sketches, a List of the Public and Private Institutions, Together with National, State, County, and City Government.” Bishop W. Mains & Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Trenton, New Jersey.
Young, Jennie J. 1879. “The Ceramic Art: A Compendium of the History and Manufacture of Pottery and Porcelain.” Harper & Bros., New York, New York.
Federal Census of New Jersey. 1880. Industrial Schedules. On file, New Jersey State Archives, Trenton, New Jersey.
“Pottery Notes.” Trenton State Gazette, Monday, June 28, 1880.
Fitzgerald, Thomas F. 1880-1900. “Fitzgerald’s Trenton and Mercer County Directory, Together with a Directory of Bordentown, Burlington, Mount Holly and Lambertville, NJ and Morrisville, PA, Included a Fund of Information Concerning Public and Private Institutions, National, State, County, City and Borough Governments, Gathered from Reliable and Official Sources.” Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Trenton, New Jersey.
Woodward, E.M. and John F. Hageman. 1883. “History of Burlington and Mercer Counties.” Everts and Peck, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Jervis, William P. 1897. “A Book of Pottery Marks.” Press of Hayes Bros., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Trenton Board of Trade. 1900. “Industrial Trenton and Vicinity.” George A. Wolf Publishers, Wilmington, Delaware.
New Jersey Bureau of Industrial Statistics. 1901. “The Industrial Directory of New Jersey.” Trenton, New Jersey.
Fitzgerald, Thomas F. 1901-1905. “Fitzgerald’s Trenton and Mercer County Directory, Together with a Directory of Bordentown, Burlington, Mount Holly and Lambertville, NJ.” Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Trenton, New Jersey.
Hood, John. 1905. “Index of Colonial and State Laws of New Jersey Between the Years 1663 and 1903 Inclusive.” Sinnickson, Chew & Sons Co., Camden, New Jersey.
Newark Museum Association. 1914. “The Work of The Potteries of New Jersey: From 1685 to 1876 , Being Extracts from ‘The Pottery and Porcelain of the United States,’ by Edwin Atlee Barber and Marks of New Jersey Potteries, as Reproduced from ‘Pottery,’ Published by The Thomas Maddock’s Sons Company.” Newark Museum Association, Newark, New Jersey.
Secretary of State. 1914. “Corporations of New Jersey, List of Certificates to December 31, 1911.” MacCrellish & Quigley, Trenton, New Jersey.
Harney, W.J. 1929. “Trenton’s First Potteries.” Sunday Times Advertiser, July 7, 14, 21 and 28, 1929.
Thorn, C. Jordan. 1947. “Handbook of Old Pottery & Porcelain Marks.” Tudor Publishing Company, New York, New York.
Van Hoesen, Walter Hamilton. 1973. “Crafts and Craftsmen of New Jersey.” Associated University Presses, Inc., Cranbury, New Jersey.
Barber, Edwin Atlee. 1976. “Marks of American Potters with Facsimiles of 1000 Marks and Illustrations of Rare Examples of American Wares.” Ars Ceramica, Ltd., Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Lehner, Lois. 1980. “Complete Book of American Kitchen and Dinner Wares.” Wallace-Homestead Book Company, Des Moines, Iowa.
Robinson, Dorothy and Bill Feeny. 1980. “The Official Price Guide to American Pottery & Porcelain.” House of Collectibles, Orlando, Florida.
Quigley, M.A. and D.E. Collier. 1984. “A Capital Place: The Story of Trenton.” Historical Society and Windsor Publications, Inc., Woodland Hills, California.
Lehner, Lois. 1988. “Lehner’s Encyclopedia of U.S. Marks on Pottery, Porcelain & Clay.” Collector Books, Paducah, Kentucky.
Frelinghuysen, Alice Cooney. 1989. “American Porcelain, 1770-1920.” Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York.
Snyder, Jeffrey B. and Leslie Bockol. 1994. “Majolica: American and European Wares.” Schiffer Publishing Ltd, Atglen, Pennsylvania.
Stern, Marc Jeffrey. 1994. “The Pottery Industry of Trenton: A Skilled Trade in Transition, 1850-1929.” Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, New Jersey.
Wetherbee, Jean. 1996. “White Ironstone: A Collector’s Guide.” Antique Trader Books, Dubuque, Iowa.
Goldberg, David J. 1998. “Preliminary Notes on the Pioneer Potters and Potteries of Trenton, N.J.: The First Thirty Years – 1852 – 1882 (And Beyond).” Privately published, Trenton, New Jersey.
Other firms at this site:
John Moses & Company; John Moses & Sons Company; John Moses & Co. Glasgow Pottery
Block and Lot:
Historic Street Address:
94 Carroll Street; Carroll Street near Perry Street
City of Trenton
|Name in census||John Moses & Co.|
|Type of power 1||1 Steam Engine|
|Machine name 1||Steam Jigger|
|Machine name 2||Hand Jigger|
|Machine name 3||Whilers|
|Machine name 4||Lathe|
|Machine name 5||Throw Wheel|
|Machine quantity 1||5|
|Machine quantity 2||3|
|Machine quantity 3||35|
|Machine quantity 4||1|
|Machine quantity 5||1|
|Raw material type 1||Clays|
|Raw material quantity 1||700 tons|
|Raw material value 1||11000|
|Raw material type 2||Flint|
|Raw material type 3||Feldspar|
|Raw material type 4||Lead|
|Raw material type 5||Boric Acid|
|Raw material type 6||Cobalt|
|Raw material type 7||Coal|
|Raw material type 8||Total|
|Raw material quantity 2||500 tons|
|Raw material quantity 3||200 tons|
|Raw material quantity 4||20 tons|
|Raw material quantity 5||1 ton|
|Raw material quantity 6||500 lbs|
|Raw material quantity 7||1,200 tons|
|Raw material value 2||5700|
|Raw material value 3||4000|
|Raw material value 4||5000|
|Raw material value 5||6000|
|Raw material value 6||2000|
|Raw material value 7||35500|
|Raw material value 8||35500|
|Product type 1||White Earthen Ware & Stone China|
|Product type 1||Impossible to enumerate|
|Product value 1||100000|
|Male hands above 16||50|
|Female hands above 16||20|
|Name in census||John Moses|
|Number of hands||200|
|Males above 16||125|
|Females above 15||25|
|May to Nov hours||9|
|Nov to May hours||8|
|Total wages in year||85000|
|Full time months||12|
|Value of raw material||125000|
|Value of product||250000|
|Number of engines||1|