Etruria Pottery

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The Database is organized by location, but you can find a pottery initially by searching for its name, which is at the top of the of the page with dates of operation below. Alternate names and the names of other potteries on the same site are noted at the top of the right-hand column, just above the pottery’s location.

The types of wares made appear below the pottery name in the left-hand column, followed by the references that informed these classifications.

Sample images of maker’s marks may be enlarged by clicking on the image.

Notes include a variety of information compiled from many standard sources and are presented as miscellaneous tidbits.

In the Gallery and Map Gallery in the right-hand column you will see historic images and insurance maps of the pottery’s facilities if available as well as historic advertisements and images of the wares made.

You can download more detailed information in all of these categories by choosing a PDF of the pottery’s full listing, which also includes the documentary sources. The PDF is text only and does not contain any images.  Data from the 1860, 1870 and 1880 industrial censuses area also included in the PDF if they exist for a given pottery. This data gives you a picture of the size of the pottery operation and the age and gender makeup of its work force.

You can help expand the database by contributing pictures and information. Contact POTS by the email address at the bottom of the page.

In operation    1863-1871


Ironstone china and Queensware (1865-66 advertisement)

White granite and cream colored wares


September 11, 1866: Bloor, Ott & Co. – “fair business … credit fair … have been unfortunate lately and are considerably in debt … Bloor is the practical man, Ott worth considerable real estate independent of his interest in the pottery, Brewer is the financier … they own their own Pottery together with Clay-pits near Chicago …they manufacture their ware and sell them through their Agent in N.Y. … est. worth $8K – $10K”

R.G. Dun & Company Collection, Mercer County. 1862-1875. 1 [44]:92.

Selected References

R.G. Dun & Company Collection, Mercer County. 1862-1875. 1 [44]:92.

“The Manufactories of Trenton. Article II. The Pottery Trade.” Trenton State Gazette, Monday, August 27, 1866.

“The Pottery Enterprise.” Trenton State Gazette, Monday, March 8, 1880.

“Among the Potters.” Trenton Evening Times, Sunday, November 15, 1885.

Stover, Edward C. 1903. “Technical Advances in Trenton.” Transactions of the American Ceramic Society:147-150.

Harney, W.J. 1929. “Trenton’s First Potteries.” Sunday Times Advertiser, July 7, 14, 21 and 28, 1929.

Podmore, Henry. 1932. “Old Pottery Landmark Passes at Trenton.” Ceramic Age:271.

“William H. Bloor.” 1937. Bulletin of the American Ceramics Society (January):25-31.

“Ott and Brewer known as Etruria Pottery established 1865.” 1967. Spinning Wheel (April):10-11.

New Jersey State Museum. 1971.  An Exhibition of Pottery and Porcelain made by Ott and Brewer at Etruria Works in Trenton, New Jersey 1871-1892.  New Jersey State Museum Department of Education, Trenton, New Jersey.

Denker, Ellen Paul. 1989.  Lenox China: Celebrating a Century of Quality 1889-1989.  Lenox, Inc., Trenton, New Jersey.

Frelinghuysen, Alice Cooney. 1989.  American Porcelain, 1770-1920.  Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York.

Goldberg, David J. 1998.  Preliminary Notes on the Pioneer Potters and Potteries of Trenton, N.J.: The First Thirty Years – 1852 – 1882 (And Beyond).  Privately published, Trenton, New Jersey.

Other Names

Etruria Pottery Company; Etruria Pottery; Bloor, Ott & Booth; Bloor, Ott & Burroughs; Bloor, Ott & Brewer

Block and Lot:

Historic Street Address:
Clinton Avenue near Belvidere and Delaware Railroad; East of Normal School; Millham Road; North Clinton corner of Ott; Clinton corner of Ott; N. Clinton Avenue corner of Ott; Clinton Ave. east of Normal School

City of Trenton

1870 Census

Name in censusEuturia Pottery
Capital Invested50000
Type of power 1Horse
Horsepower 12
Machine name 1Grinding pans
Machine name 2Jiggers
Machine quantity 12
Machine quantity 28
Raw material type 1Clay
Raw material quantity 1300 tons
Raw material value 15000
Raw material type 2Quartz
Raw material type 3Feldspar
Raw material type 4Coal
Raw material type 5Wood
Raw material type 6Other Materials
Raw material type 7Total
Raw material quantity 2150 tons
Raw material quantity 3100 tons
Raw material quantity 41000 tons
Raw material quantity 540 cord
Raw material quantity 630 tons
Raw material value 22000
Raw material value 32000
Raw material value 4600
Raw material value 5160
Product type 1White Earthen Ware
Product type 11,600 casks & crates
Product value 155000
Male hands above 1630
Female hands above 1610
Yearly wages20000
Months operating10