Etruria Pottery


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In operation



ironstone china and Queensware (1865-66 advertisement); white granite and cream colored wares


“About 10 o’clock last evening some part of the buildings belonging to the pottery works of Bloor & Ott, east of the canal, took fire. An alarm was sounded, and the firemen turned out promptly, but fortunately their services were not needed, the fire being extinguished before the engines reached the place” (Trenton State Gazette, Wednesday, December 12, 1866).

“There was a slight fire out at Bloor, Ott & Brewer’s Pottery on Saturday evening. The America Hose Company went out and extinguished it before much damage was done” (Trenton State Gazette, Tuesday, January 12, 1869).

The history of the firm is covered in numerous sources (e.g., Woodward and Hageman 1883:691-692; Robinson and Feeny 1980:333-334); Quarter Century’s Progress 1887; Goldberg 1998:31-35).

Selected References

R.G. Dun & Company Collection, Mercer County. 1862-1875. 1 [44]:92.

“The Manufactories of Trenton. Article II. The Pottery Trade.” Trenton State Gazette, Monday, August 27, 1866.

Trenton State Gazette, Wednesday, December 12, 1866.

Webb & Fitzgerald. 1867-1869. “The Trenton Directory, Containing a List of the Inhabitants, Together with a Business Directory and Other Information Valuable to the Citizen and Stranger.” Directory. Webb & Fitzgerald, New York, New York.

J.H. Lant & Co. 1868. “The Trenton City Directory, for 1868 1869, Containing the Names of the Inhabitants, Together with a Business and Street Directory of the City, Business Directory of Mercer Co., and an Appendix of Valuable Information.” pp. 187 188. Vannote & Yard, Trenton, New Jersey.

Trenton State Gazette, Tuesday, January 12, 1869.

Crosley, William F. 1869. “The Trenton City Directory, for 1869, Containing the Names of the Inhabitants, Together with a Business and Street Directory of the City and an Appendix of Valuable Information.” Murphy & Bechtel, Book and Job Printers, Trenton, New Jersey.

Federal Census of New Jersey. 1870. Industrial Schedules. On file, New Jersey State Archives, Trenton, New Jersey.

Metcalf, Edwin S. 1870. “The Trenton City Directory, 1870, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, and a Record of the City Government, Its Institutions, Societies, Corporations.” Webb Brothers & Co.

Everts & Stewart. 1875. “The Pottery Interest.” Combination Atlas Map of Mercer County, pp. XI-XII. Everts & Stewart, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Young, Jennie J. 1879. “The Ceramic Art: A Compendium of the History and Manufacture of Pottery and Porcelain.” Harper & Bros., New York, New York.

“The Pottery Enterprise.” Trenton State Gazette, Monday, March 8, 1880.

Federal Census of New Jersey. 1880. Industrial Schedules. On file, New Jersey State Archives, Trenton, New Jersey.

Woodward, E.M. and J.F. Hageman. 1883. “History of Burlington and Mercer Counties.” Everts and Peck, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

“Among the Potters.” Trenton Evening Times, Sunday, November 15, 1885.

Jervis, William P. 1897. “A Book of Pottery Marks.” Press of Hayes Bros., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Trenton Board of Trade. 1900. “Industrial Trenton and Vicinity.” George A. Wolf Publishers, Wilmington, Delaware.

Stover, Edward C. 1903. “Technical Advances in Trenton.” Transactions of the American Ceramic Society:147-150.

Newark Museum Association. 1914. “The Work of The Potteries of New Jersey: From 1685 to 1876 , Being Extracts from ‘The Pottery and Porcelain of the United States,’ by Edwin Atlee Barber and Marks of New Jersey Potteries, as Reproduced from ‘Pottery,’ Published by The Thomas Maddock’s Sons Company.” Newark Museum Association, Newark, New Jersey.

Secretary of State. 1914. “Corporations of New Jersey, List of Certificates to December 31, 1911.” MacCrellish & Quigley, Trenton, New Jersey.

Harney, W.J. 1929. “Trenton’s First Potteries.” Sunday Times Advertiser, July 7, 14, 21 and 28, 1929.

Podmore, Henry. 1932. “Old Pottery Landmark Passes at Trenton.” Ceramic Age:271.

“William H. Bloor.” 1937. Bulletin of the American Ceramics Society (January):25-31.

Thorn, C. Jordan. 1947. “Handbook of Old Pottery & Porcelain Marks.” Tudor Publishing Company, New York, New York.

“Ott and Brewer known as Etruria Pottery established 1865.” 1967. Spinning Wheel (April):10-11.

New Jersey State Museum. 1971. “An Exhibition of Pottery and Porcelain made by Ott and Brewer at Etruria Works in Trenton, New Jersey 1871-1892.” New Jersey State Museum Department of Education, Trenton, New Jersey.

Robinson, Dorothy and Bill Feeny. 1980. “The Official Price Guide to American Pottery & Porcelain.” House of Collectibles, Orlando, Florida.

Gates, William C., Jr. and Dana E. Ormerod. 1982. “The East Liverpool, Ohio, Pottery District: Identification of Manufacturers and Marks.” Historical Archaeology 16(1-2):1-358.

Kovel, Ralph and Terry Kovel. 1986. “Kovel’s New Dictionary of Marks: Pottery & Porcelain 1850 to the Present.” Crown Publishers, Inc., New York, New York.

Lehner, Lois. 1988. “Lehner’s Encyclopedia of U.S. Marks on Pottery, Porcelain & Clay.” Collector Books, Paducah, Kentucky.

Denker, Ellen Paul. 1989. “Lenox China: Celebrating a Century of Quality 1889-1989.” Lenox, Inc., Trenton, New Jersey.

Frelinghuysen, Alice Cooney. 1989. “American Porcelain, 1770-1920.” Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York.

Nottle, Diane. 1997. “Beauty, Utility & Paychecks, All Built on a Base of Clay.” New York Times, November 9, 1997.

Goldberg, David J. 1998. “Preliminary Notes on the Pioneer Potters and Potteries of Trenton, N.J.: The First Thirty Years – 1852 – 1882 (And Beyond).” Privately published, Trenton, New Jersey.

Wall, John P. N.d. “History of the Potteries of Trenton, New Jersey.” Manuscript on file, Trenton Public Library, Trenton, New Jersey.

Other Names

Etruria Pottery Company; Etruria Pottery; Bloor, Ott & Booth; Bloor, Ott & Burroughs; Bloor, Ott & Brewer

Block and Lot:

Historic Street Address:
Clinton Avenue near Belvidere and Delaware Railroad; East of Normal School; Millham Road; North Clinton corner of Ott; Clinton corner of Ott; N. Clinton Avenue corner of Ott; Clinton Ave. east of Normal School

City of Trenton

1870 Census

Name in censusEuturia Pottery
Capital Invested50000
Type of power 1Horse
Horsepower 12
Machine name 1Grinding pans
Machine name 2Jiggers
Machine quantity 12
Machine quantity 28
Raw material type 1Clay
Raw material quantity 1300 tons
Raw material value 15000
Raw material type 2Quartz
Raw material type 3Feldspar
Raw material type 4Coal
Raw material type 5Wood
Raw material type 6Other Materials
Raw material type 7Total
Raw material quantity 2150 tons
Raw material quantity 3100 tons
Raw material quantity 41000 tons
Raw material quantity 540 cord
Raw material quantity 630 tons
Raw material value 22000
Raw material value 32000
Raw material value 4600
Raw material value 5160
Product type 1White Earthen Ware
Product type 11,600 casks & crates
Product value 155000
Male hands above 1630
Female hands above 1610
Yearly wages20000
Months operating10