East Trenton Porcelain Company

  

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In operation

1864-1884

Wares

white and cream colored wares (Raum 1871)

Notes

Detailed description of the operation of this pottery in 1866 is provided in “The Manufactories of Trenton. Article III. East Trenton Porcelain Company” (Trenton State Gazette, Monday, September 10, 1866).

The physical layout of the plant is described in Raum 1871.

“The East Trenton Porcelain Company was incorporated February, 1864, with an autorized capital of one hundred thousand dollars, of which eighty thousand dollars was paid in. The directors were Imlah Moore, president; Frederick Dellicker, secretary and treasurer; Robert L. Hutchinson, Joseph H. Moore, and George Trimble. Ground was broken for the erection of buildings June 1, 1864, and active business was begun in July, 1866. In 1870 the establishment was sold under a foreclosure, and bought by Imlah Moore, and by him sold to Joseph H. Moore, the present owner and operator, who has increased the number of kilns from four to six, and greatly added to the extent of the business, employing three hundred and fifty hands, and shipping goods to all parts of the Union. The works cover an area of six acres” (Woodward and Hageman 1883:860).

Company incorporated and works established in 1864 by Imlah Moore. Manufacturing began in 1866. In 1870 Joseph Moore became proprietor. Pottery was purchased in 1884 by Israel Lacy and was then known as Anchor Pottery (Harney 1929).

“The pottery started on June 1, 1864 with production commencing about 1866. The company was operated as a corporation having received its charter in February 1864. The investor group with Imlah Moore as principal erected a complex of pottery buildings, twelve brick tenement houses for workers, stables and a large basement adjacent to the canal É The economic slump of the early 1870’s claimed the East Trenton Porcelain Company É By January 1873, Imlah Moore reclaimed the property at a sheriff’s sale and turned the operation over to his son Joseph H. Moore who ran the operation for ten years. In 1884, the Sheriff sold the property to Israel Lacy, who operated under the name of Anchor Pottery” (Goldberg 1998:40-41).

Selected References

“The Manufactories of Trenton. Article II. The Pottery Trade.” Trenton State Gazette, Monday, August 27, 1866.

“The Manufactories of Trenton. Article III. East Trenton Porcelain Company.” Trenton State Gazette, Monday, September 10, 1866.

Metcalf, Edwin S. 1870. “The Trenton City Directory, 1870, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, and a Record of the City Government, Its Institutions, Societies, Corporations.” Webb Brothers & Co.

Raum, J.O. 1871. “History of the City of Trenton.” W.T. Nicholson & Co., Trenton, New Jersey.

Slade, Charles H. 1871. “Trenton Directory, 1871, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, and a Record of the City Government, Its Institutions, Societies, Corporations, Etc.” Directory. Webb Brothers & Co.

J.H. Lant & Company. 1872. “The Trenton Directory, 1872, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, Together with a Town Business Directory of Mercer County, and Much Useful Miscellaneous Information.” J.H. Lant & Co., Trenton, New Jersey.

Boyd, Andrew and William H. Boyd. 1873, 1875-1876. “Boyd’s Trenton City Directory: Containing the Names of Its Citizens, a Compendium of Its Government and of Public and Private Institutions, and a Business Directory of the Principal Towns in Mercer County, a List of Farmers.” Andrew Boyd and W. Harry Boyd, Syracuse, New York and Pottsville, Pennsylvania.

Mains, Bishop W. and Thomas F. Fitzgerald. 1877-1879. “Mains and Fitzgerald’s Trenton, Chambersburg and Millham Directory: Containing the Names of the Citizens, Statistical Business Report, Historical Sketches, a List of the Public and Private Institutions, Together with National, State, County, and City Government.” Bishop W. Mains & Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Trenton, New Jersey.

Federal Census of New Jersey. 1880. Industrial Schedules. On file, New Jersey State Archives, Trenton, New Jersey.

Fitzgerald, Thomas F. 1880-1900. “Fitzgerald’s Trenton and Mercer County Directory, Together with a Directory of Bordentown, Burlington, Mount Holly and Lambertville, NJ and Morrisville, PA, Included a Fund of Information Concerning Public and Private Institutions, National, State, County, City and Borough Governments, Gathered from Reliable and Official Sources.” Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Trenton, New Jersey.

Woodward, E.M. and John F. Hageman. 1883. “History of Burlington and Mercer Counties.” Everts and Peck, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Trenton Board of Trade. 1900. “Industrial Trenton and Vicinity.” George A. Wolf Publishers, Wilmington, Delaware.

Fitzgerald, Thomas F. 1901-1938. “Fitzgerald’s Trenton and Mercer County Directory, Together with a Directory of Bordentown, Burlington, Mount Holly and Lambertville, NJ.” Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Trenton, New Jersey.

Newark Museum Association. 1914. “The Work of The Potteries of New Jersey: From 1685 to 1876 , Being Extracts from ‘The Pottery and Porcelain of the United States,’ by Edwin Atlee Barber and Marks of New Jersey Potteries, as Reproduced from ‘Pottery,’ Published by The Thomas Maddock’s Sons Company.” Newark Museum Association, Newark, New Jersey.

Harney, W.J. 1929. “Trenton’s First Potteries.” Sunday Times Advertiser, July 7, 14, 21 and 28, 1929.

Thorn, C. Jordan. 1947. “Handbook of Old Pottery & Porcelain Marks.” Tudor Publishing Company, New York, New York.

Abramson, D.V. and T. Karschner. 1978. “An Inventory of Historic Engineering and Industrial Sites, Trenton, New Jersey.” On file, New Jersey Historic Preservation Office (NJDEP), Trenton, New Jersey.

Quigley, M.A. and D.E. Collier. 1984. “A Capital Place: The Story of Trenton.” Historical Society and Windsor Publications, Inc., Woodland Hills, California.

Bello, Charles A. and Richard C. Grubb. 1988. “Archaeological Investigation of a Portion of the Trenton and Mercer County Traction Corporation Trolley Alignment.” On file, New Jersey Historic Preservation Office (NJDEP), Trenton, New Jersey.

Branin, M. Lelyn. 1988. “The Early Makers of Handcrafted Earthenware and Stoneware in Central and Southern New Jersey.” Associated University Presses, Inc., Cranbury, New Jersey.

Lehner, Lois. 1988. “Lehner’s Encyclopedia of U.S. Marks on Pottery, Porcelain & Clay.” Collector Books, Paducah, Kentucky.

Goldberg, David J. 1998. “Preliminary Notes on the Pioneer Potters and Potteries of Trenton, N.J.: The First Thirty Years – 1852 – 1882 (And Beyond).” Privately published, Trenton, New Jersey.

Other Names

East Trenton Porcelain Company

Block and Lot:
213A/1,2; 217D; 217E

Historic Street Address:
New York Ave corner Mulberry St; E. Trenton above Canal; Delaware & Raritan Canal; Delaware & Raritan Canal above Rose; South Rose; New York Ave near Olden; 930 New York Ave

Municipality:
Lawrence Township; Millham Township

1870 Census

Name in censusEast Trenton Porcelain Company
Capital Invested132000
Type of power 1Steam
Horsepower 150
Machine name 1Steam engine
Machine name 2Jiggers
Machine name 3Plungers
Machine name 4Sundry small machines
Machine quantity 11
Machine quantity 23
Machine quantity 32
Machine quantity 410
Raw material type 1Coal
Raw material type 2Clay
Raw material type 3Flint
Raw material type 4Spar
Raw material type 5Wood
Raw material type 6Sand
Raw material type 7Total materials value
Product type 1White Granite Ware, Cream Colored Ware
Product value 143332
Male hands above 1670
Female hands above 166
Children30
Yearly wages23418
Months operating8

1880 Census

Name in censusJoseph H. Moore
Capital150000
Number of hands300
Males above 16200
Females above 1520
Children80
May to Nov hours10
Nov to May hours10
Skilled wages3
Ordinary wages1.25
Total wages in year85000
Full time months12
Value of raw material90000
Value of product200000
Number of engines1
Horse power80