Eagle Pottery

  

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In operation

1879-1901

Wares

fine earthenware, called "American Porcelain" (Woodward and Hageman 1883:693); American thin porcelain, thin white granite, hotel porcelain, decorated dinner, tea and toilet-ware, also white tile for walls and bath rooms, decorated hearth and mantel tiles, etc. (Quarter Century's Progress 1887:270); vitrified, thin, and hotel china, decorated table and toilet sets, and underglaze printing on pottery and porcelain (Newark Museum Association 1914:21)

Notes

“Messrs. Burroughs, Mountford & Co. are erecting two extra kilns É” (Trenton State Gazette, Monday, March 8, 1880).

“É Mr. Millington retiring from business, it was purchased Dec. 1, 1879, by H. Nelson Burroughs, of Philadelphia, who leased it to the firm of Burroughs, Mountford & Co., consisting of his son, Henry A. Burroughs, Elijah Mountford, and Joseph Burroughs

Upon the death of Henry A. Burroughs, March 1, 1882, the property was purchased by the surviving partners, and the business continued under the firm name of Burroughs & Mountford É

The firm is now engaged in the manufacture of a fine grade of earthenware, known as American porcelain, and have already made an enviable reputation for their wares, which find a market in all parts of the United States

They have four kilns, work-shops and warerooms in proportion, and give employment to about one hundred and fifty men, women and children. They are also gradually enlarging their decorative department, which now gives employment to thirty operatives” (Woodward & Hageman 1883:693).

“Messrs. Burroughs & Mountford are in a position at present to turn out large quantities of decorated goods, and judging from the appearance of the decorating department they are making hay while the gas burns” (Trenton Evening Times, Sunday, November 15, 1885).

“É The works have a frontage of 500 feet by a depth of 300 feet. The buildings are very extensive, and are equipped with all the latest improved facilities as regards machinery, apparatus, and modern labor saving appliances. A sixty-horse power steam engine is utilized to drive the machinery, while employment is given in the various departments of the works to three hundred experienced operatives. There are six ware and five decorating kilns in constant operation. Messrs. Burroughs & Mountford manufacture extensively American thin porcelain, thin white granite, hotel porcelain, decorated dinner, tea and toilet-ware, also white tile for walls and bath rooms, decorated hearth and mantel tiles, etc. É The firm’s new ware, American iron-stone china, meets the demand for a fine grade of goods at prices that place it within the reach of the humblest household. American iron-stone china is a semi-vitrified body made of the best materials and the same workmanship as the firms’ American thin porcelain. Messrs. Burroughs & Mountford guarantee it against crazing and invite tests. Their “Limoges” is a square, fluted shape, with scolloped edge, especially adapted for decoration, and is today the leading shape in the market É” (Quarter Century’s Progress 1887:270).

In 1902 the Eagle Pottery Company forfeited its company charter (Secretary of State 1914).

“Wares included the usual assortment of granite and cream-colored wares, and they also made a limited amount of porcelain, little of which is seen today. They employed a Japanese artist who did gold paste work for them. Tiles with both printed and embossed designs were also produced at B&M” (Robinson and Feeny 1980:55).

Selected References

“The Pottery Enterprise.” Trenton State Gazette, Monday, March 8, 1880.

Federal Census of New Jersey. 1880. Industrial Schedules. On file, New Jersey State Archives, Trenton, New Jersey.

Fitzgerald, Thomas F. 1880-1900. “Fitzgerald’s Trenton and Mercer County Directory, Together with a Directory of Bordentown, Burlington, Mount Holly and Lambertville, NJ and Morrisville, PA, Included a Fund of Information Concerning Public and Private Institutions, National, State, County, City and Borough Governments, Gathered from Reliable and Official Sources.” Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Trenton, New Jersey.

Woodward, E.M. and J.F. Hageman. 1883. “History of Burlington and Mercer Counties.” Everts and Peck, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

“Among the Potters.” Trenton Evening Times, Sunday, November 15, 1885.

Quarter-Century’s Progress of New Jersey’s Leading Manufacturing Centres. Dover. 1887. International Publishing Company, New York.

Lee, Francis B. 1895. “History of Trenton, New Jersey.” F.T. Smiley & Co. Trenton, New Jersey.

Jervis, William P. 1897. “A Book of Pottery Marks.” Press of Hayes Bros., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Sunday Times Advertiser. 1905. “Elijah Mountford Dies in the West.” Scrapbook of Dr. A.S. Fell, 1902-1909. On file, Trenton Public Library, Trenton, New Jersey.

Newark Museum Association. 1914. “The Work of The Potteries of New Jersey: From 1685 to 1876 , Being Extracts from ‘The Pottery and Porcelain of the United States,’ by Edwin Atlee Barber and Marks of New Jersey Potteries, as Reproduced from ‘Pottery,’ Published by The Thomas Maddock’s Sons Company.” Newark Museum Association, Newark, New Jersey.

Secretary of State. 1914. “Corporation of New Jersey, List of Certificates to December 31, 1911.” MacCrellish & Quigley, Trenton, New Jersey.

Harney, W.J. 1929. “Trenton’s First Potteries.” Sunday Times Advertiser, July 7, 14, 21 and 28, 1929.

Thorn, C. Jordan. 1947. “Handbook of Old Pottery & Porcelain Marks.” Tudor Publishing Company, New York, New York.

Lehner, Lois. 1980. “Complete Book of American Kitchen and Dinner Wares.” Wallace-Homestead Book Company, Des Moines, Iowa.

Robinson, Dorothy and Bill Feeny. 1980. “The Official Price Guide to American Pottery & Porcelain.” House of Collectibles, Orlando, Florida.

Lehner, Lois. 1988. “Lehner’s Encyclopedia of U.S. Marks on Pottery, Porcelain & Clay.” Collector Books, Paducah, Kentucky.

Goldberg, David J. 1998. “Preliminary Notes on the Pioneer Potters and Potteries of Trenton, N.J.: The First Thirty Years – 1852 – 1882 (And Beyond).” Privately published, Trenton, New Jersey.

Wall, John P. N.d. “History of the Potteries of Trenton, New Jersey.” Manuscript on file, Trenton Public Library, Trenton, New Jersey.

Other Names

Burroughs, Mountford & Company; Burroughs and Mountford; Eagle Pottery

Block and Lot:
39-1B/1

Historic Street Address:
North Clinton Avenue near Perrine Avenue; North Clinton Avenue opposite Hart Avenue

Municipality:
City of Trenton

1880 Census

Name in censusBurroughs, Mountford & Co.
Capital90000
Number of hands70
Males above 1640
Females above 1510
Children20
May to Nov hours10
Nov to May hours10
Skilled wages2
Ordinary wages1.25
Total wages in year13000
Full time months6
Months idle6
Value of raw material11000
Value of product24000
Number of engines1
Horse power30