cream-colored ware, white granite ware (Mains & Fitzgerald 1877); white granite, c.c., and druggists' ware, decorated ware (Industries of New Jersey 1882:173)
“In July 1869, about six years after he had started the enterprise which met with such deserved success, Mr. Coxon died. His interest passed to his widow, Mrs. Mary Coxon, who is still in the firm. Mr. Thompson retired in the spring of 1870, having sold his interest to Messrs. James E. Darrah and M.M. Bateman. The firm name was then changed to Coxon & Co. Mr. Bateman sold out to Mr. J. W. Johnson in 1874, and the later disposed of his interest to Mr. J.G. Forman, one of the members of the present firm, in April 1876, Mr. Darrah sold out to Mr. S.M. Alpaugh, also of the present firm, in November 1876. No other changes having been made since that time, consequently the firm is now composed of Mary Coxon, J.G. Forman and S.M. Alpaugh” (Mains & Fitzgerald 1877: Historical Sketches).
“The new workshop of Messrs. Coxon & Co. will be finished in about six weeks.” (Trenton State Gazette, Monday, March 8, 1880).
“One of the largest and most important of the various potteries of Trenton is the ‘Clinton Street Pottery Works’ of Messrs. Coxon & Co., which are located on Clinton Avenue, and were established in the year 1865 by Joseph Coxon. In 1876, the firm of Coxon & Co. was formed, and consisted of Joseph Coxon, J.G. Forman and Spencer M. Alpaugh. At the death of Mr. Coxon in 1879, his interest in the firm was continued by his widow and the firm name remained the same. April 1st, 1882, Mr. Forman retired from the firm, and the business is now conducted by M. Coxon, Spencer M. Alpaugh and Frank A. McGowan, under the name of Coxon & Co. Many extensions and enlargements of the premises have occurred of recent years, until now the Clinton Street Pottery Works is unsurpassed in its facilities elsewhere in the United States, while the trade is probably the largest in that in this country. The premises have a frontage on Clinton Avenue of 225 feet and are 303 feet in depth. The buildings present a solid front and unbroken sides, all of brick, with three floors and basement and two-story wings. The kilns, nine in number, are arranged to occupy the centre of the premises, a railroad switch dividing the bisque from the gloss. Every facility for the well-doing of the business is employed, together with 250 hands, competent and experienced work-people. A 75-horse power engine furnishes the motor and heats the building. The manufactures are white granite, C.C., and druggists’ ware. Special attention is also given to decorated ware, and numerous handsome designs are on exhibition in the salesrooms É ” (Industries of New Jersey 1882:172-173).
Additional historical information can be found in Woodward and Hageman 1883:691 and Goldberg 1998:36-37.
Federal Census of New Jersey. 1870. Industrial Schedules. On file, New Jersey State Archives, Trenton, New Jersey.
Metcalf, Edwin S. 1870. “The Trenton City Directory, 1870, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, and a Record of the City Government, Its Institutions, Societies, Corporations.” Webb Brothers & Co.
R.G. Dun & Company Collection, Mercer County. 1871-1876. 2 :351.
Slade, Charles H. 1871. “Trenton Directory, 1871, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, and a Record of the City Government, Its Institutions, Societies, Corporations, Etc.” Directory. Webb Brothers & Co.
J.H. Lant & Co. 1872. “The Trenton Directory, 1872, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, Together with a Town Business Directory of Mercer County, and Much Useful Miscellaneous Information.” J.H. Lant & Co., Trenton, New Jersey.
Boyd, Andrew and William H. Boyd. 1874. “Boyd’s Trenton City Directory: Containing the Names of Its Citizens, a Compendium of Its Government and of Public and Private Institutions, and a Business Directory of the Principal Towns in Mercer County, a List of Farmers.” Andrew Boyd and W. Harry Boyd, Syracuse, New York and Pottsville, Pennsylvania.
Mains, Bishop W. and Fitzgerald, Thomas F. 1877-1879. “Mains and Fitzgerald’s Trenton, Chambersburg and Millham Directory: Containing the Names of the Citizens, Statistical Business Report, Historical Sketches, a List of the Public and Private Institutions, Together with National, State, County, and City Government.” Bishop W. Mains & Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Trenton, New Jersey.
Young, Jennie J. 1879. “The Ceramic Art: A Compendium of the History and Manufacture of Pottery and Porcelain.” Harper & Bros., New York, New York.
“The Pottery Enterprise.” Trenton State Gazette, March 8, 1880.
Fitzgerald, Thomas F. 1880-1883. “Fitzgerald’s Trenton and Mercer County Directory, Together with a Directory of Bordentown, Burlington, Mount Holly and Lambertville, NJ and Morrisville, PA, Included a Fund of Information Concerning Public and Private Institutions, National, State, County, City and Borough Governments, Gathered from Reliable and Official Sources.” Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Trenton, New Jersey.
“Industries of New Jersey, Trenton, Princeton, Hightstown, Pennington and Hopewell.” 1882. Historical Publishing Company, New York, New York, Newark, New Jersey and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Woodward, E.M. and John F. Hageman. 1883. “History of Burlington and Mercer Counties.” Everts and Peck, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Trenton Board of Trade. 1900. “Industrial Trenton and Vicinity.” George A. Wolf Publishers, Wilmington, Delaware.
Thorn, C. Jordan. 1947. “Handbook of Old Pottery & Porcelain Marks.” Tudor Publishing Company, New York, New York.
Van Hoesen, Walter Hamilton. 1973. “Crafts and Craftsmen of New Jersey.” Associated University Presses, Inc., Cranbury, New Jersey.
Lehner, Lois. 1980. “Complete Book of American Kitchen and Dinner Wares.” Wallace-Homestead Book Company, Des Moines, Iowa.
Robinson, Dorothy and Bill Feeny. 1980. “The Official Price Guide to American Pottery & Porcelain.” House of Collectibles, Orlando, Florida.
Lehner, Lois. 1988. “Lehner’s Encyclopedia of U.S. Marks on Pottery, Porcelain & Clay.” Collector Books, Paducah, Kentucky.
Nottle, Diane. 1997. “Beauty, Utility & Paychecks, All Built on a Base of Clay.” New York Times, November 9, 1997.
Goldberg, David J. 1998. “Preliminary Notes on the Pioneer Potters and Potteries of Trenton, N.J.: The First Thirty Years – 1852 – 1882 (And Beyond).” Privately published, Trenton, New Jersey.
Other firms at this site:
Clinton Street Pottery; Coxon & Company
Block and Lot:
Historic Street Address:
Clinton Avenue on Belvidere and Delaware Railroad; Clinton Avenue on Perry Street; North Clinton Avenue corner of Ott Street
City of Trenton
|Name in census||Coxon & Co.|
|Type of power 1||Hand|
|Raw material type 1||Clay|
|Raw material quantity 1||250 tons|
|Raw material value 1||5000|
|Raw material type 2||Minerals|
|Raw material type 3||Acids|
|Raw material type 4||Lead|
|Raw material type 5||Cobalt|
|Raw material type 6||Coal|
|Raw material type 7||Total|
|Raw material quantity 2||260 tons|
|Raw material quantity 3||2400 lbs|
|Raw material quantity 4||30 tons|
|Raw material quantity 5||100 tons|
|Raw material quantity 6||1000 tons|
|Raw material value 2||5200|
|Raw material value 3||600|
|Raw material value 4||4000|
|Raw material value 5||400|
|Raw material value 6||5000|
|Product type 1||W.G. & C.C., Crockery Ware|
|Product type 1||1700 Packages|
|Product value 1||68373|
|Male hands above 16||25|
|Female hands above 16||11|
|Name in census||Coxon & Co.|
|Number of hands||165|
|Males above 16||110|
|Females above 15||35|
|May to Nov hours||8|
|Nov to May hours||8|
|Total wages in year||65000|
|Full time months||12|
|Value of raw material||45000|
|Value of product||200000|
|Number of engines||1|