Assunpink Pottery


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In operation



yellowware and Rockingham ware (Trenton State Gazette, Monday, August 27, 1866); yellowware (Harney 1929; Raum 1871); porcelain, Queensware, Rockingham and cane colored fireproof ware, druggist ware made to order (Goldberg 1998).


“The yellow and Rockingham wares are now manufactured almost exclusively in the potteries of Mr. H. Speeler and of Messrs. Lawton & Corey” (“The Manufactories of Trenton. Article II. The Pottery Trade.” Trenton State Gazette, Monday, August 27, 1866).

Detailed description of the operations of this pottery in 1869 is provided in “Assanpink Pottery Work — Henry Speeler & Sons” (Trenton State Gazette, Saturday, August 28, 1869).

Two boys killed in fire at Speeler’s Pottery on November 27, 1870 — James Haley and John Dunn Coward (Trenton State Gazette, November 28, 1870 and Trenton State Gazette, November 29, 1870).

In 1860 “He [Henry Speeler] purchased the foundry and machine shop established by Bottom and Tiffany along the west bank of the Delaware and Raritan Canal to the north of the Assunpink Creek and converted the plant to a pottery.” In 1868 Speeler was joined by his two sons and the pottery was renamed Henry Speeler and Sons. Henry Speeler passed away in 1871. In 1872 the pottery was sold to the Speeler Pottery Company (Goldberg 1998:21-22).

Selected References

“The Manufactories of Trenton. Article II. The Pottery Trade.” Trenton State Gazette, Monday, August 27, 1866.

Webb & Fitzgerald. 1867-1869. “The Trenton Directory, Containing a List of the Inhabitants, Together with a Business Directory and Other Information Valuable to the Citizen and Stranger.” Directory. Webb & Fitzgerald, New York, New York.

R.G. Dun & Company Collection, Mercer County. 1868-1872. 1 [44]:22.

J.H Lant & Co. 1868-1869. “The Trenton City Directory, for 1868 1869, Containing the Names of the Inhabitants, Together with a Business and Street Directory of the City, Business Directory of Mercer Co., and an Appendix of Valuable Information,” pp. 187-188. Vannote & Yard, Trenton, New Jersey.

“Assanpink Pottery Work — Henry Speeler & Sons.” Trenton State Gazette, Saturday, August 28, 1869.

“Fire at Speeler’s Pottery.” Trenton State Gazette, November 28, 1870.

“A Dead Body Found in the Rubbish at Speeler’s Pottery.” Trenton State Gazette, November 29, 1870.

Federal Census of New Jersey. 1870. Industrial Schedules. On file, New Jersey State Archives, Trenton, New Jersey.

Metcalf, Edwin S. 1870. “The Trenton City Directory, 1870, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, and a Record of the City Government, Its Institutions, Societies, Corporations.” Webb Brothers & Co.

Raum, J.O. 1871. “History of the City of Trenton.” W.T. Nicholson & Co., Trenton, New Jersey.

Slade, Charles H. 1871. “Trenton Directory, 1871, Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, a Business Directory, and a Record of the City Government, Its Institutions, Societies, Corporations, Etc.” Directory. Webb Brothers & Co.

Woodward, E.M. and J.F. Hageman. 1883. “History of Burlington and Mercer Counties.” Everts and Peck, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Jervis, William P. 1897. “A Book of Pottery Marks.” Press of Hayes Bros., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Trenton Board of Trade. 1900. “Industrial Trenton and Vicinity.” George A. Wolf Publishers, Wilmington, Delaware.

Newark Museum Association. 1914. “The Work of The Potteries of New Jersey: From 1685 to 1876 , Being Extracts from ‘The Pottery and Porcelain of the United States,’ by Edwin Atlee Barber and Marks of New Jersey Potteries, as Reproduced from ‘Pottery,’ Published by The Thomas Maddock’s Sons Company.” Newark Museum Association, Newark, New Jersey.

Harney, W.J. 1929 “Trenton’s First Potteries.” Sunday Times Advertiser, July 7, 14, 21 and 28, 1929.

Thorn, C. Jordan. 1947. “Handbook of Old Pottery & Porcelain Marks.” Tudor Publishing Company, New York, New York.

Robinson, Dorothy and Bill Feeny. 1980. “The Official Price Guide to American Pottery & Porcelain.” House of Collectibles, Orlando, Florida.

Leibowitz, Joan. 1985. “Yellow Ware: The Transitional Ceramic.” Schiffer Publishing, Ltd., West Chester, Pennsylvania.

Lehner, Lois. 1988. “Lehner’s Encyclopedia of U.S. Marks on Pottery, Porcelain & Clay.” Collector Books, Paducah, Kentucky.

Goldberg, David J. 1998. “Preliminary Notes on the Pioneer Potters and Potteries of Trenton, N.J.: The First Thirty Years – 1852 – 1882 (And Beyond).” Privately published, Trenton, New Jersey.

Liebeknecht, William B. 2003. “Makers Marks from the Assunpink Pottery Works.” Trenton Potteries, 4(3):6-7.

Liebeknecht, William B. 2005. “Rockingham Wares from Trenton, New Jersey.” In “Fancy Rockingham Pottery,” by Diana Stradling, pp. 81-86. University of Richmond Museums, Richmond, Virginia.

Other Names

Henry Speeler; Henry Speeler & Sons; Assunpink Pottery Works Henry Speeler & Sons

Block and Lot:

Historic Street Address:
Canal Street near Front Street; West Canal and Assunpink; West Canal corner of Plymouth; East Front Street Basin; Stockton and Front Street Basin

City of Trenton

1870 Census

Name in censusAssunpink Pottery Works Henry Speeler & Sons
Capital Invested85000
Type of power 11 Steam
Horsepower 135
Machine name 1Whilers, jiggers, presses, etc.
Machine quantity 125
Raw material type 1Coal
Raw material quantity 11385 tons
Raw material value 18350
Raw material type 2Clay
Raw material type 3Chemicals
Raw material type 4Flint
Raw material type 5Spar
Raw material type 6Total
Raw material quantity 21500 tons
Raw material quantity 350 tons
Raw material quantity 4125 tons
Raw material quantity 5100 tons
Raw material value 27500
Raw material value 35500
Raw material value 42450
Raw material value 52200
Raw material value 62600
Product type 1White Granite CC Rock & Yellow Ware
Product value 168560
Male hands above 1655
Female hands above 168
Yearly wages35660
Months operating12